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          Michael Graves's 'Forever House' is Changing the World of Universal Design

          With help from the late architect Michael Graves and his firm, a Minnesota couple built a house designed for aging in place.

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          In the great room of the Forever House, several rooms were combined into one to make it easier for a person who is disabled to access the spaces.
          Red Bird Hills

          At a retrospective of Graves’s work, Thacker took note of Graves’s Wounded Warrior project, a group of homes at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, that used universal design principles to make the houses accessible to soldiers who had been injured. “I said, ‘These are really cool,’ ” Thacker says, recalling his conversation with Graves. “When are you going to design homes for the rest of us? He said,‘I don’t have a client.’ I said, ‘Now you do.’ ”

          Architect Michael Graves
          Michael Graves Architecture & Design

          Graves initiated the design of the Thackers’ Forever House, a home designed for aging in place that uses universal design principles to serve people of all ages. After the architect died in 2015, his firm's Senior Partner Tom Rowe continued the design process of the home, which was completed in late 2016 by the couple's contractor, Northfield Construction, and sports a roof in Graves’s signature blue hue. “Our home isn’t flashy: It’s in a modest neighborhood in the heart of a small town—Northfield, Minnesota,” Thacker says. “We see ourselves as guinea pigs. Homes can evolve. This is smart design for all ages of life.”

          Dishes in undercounter drawers are easier to reach from a wheelchair.
          Red Bird Hills

          From her own experience with her family (her first husband died of cancer), Cherewatuk knows how expensive it can be—if not impossible—to retrofit a home to accommodate a disability. “When my daughter suddenly got sick, we were living in a Queen Anne Victorian,” she recalls. “We had to sell that house and move. We were in the middle of a medical crisis. We were lucky to find a midcentury-modern home that we were able to renovate. We redesigned the bathroom for wheelchair use. Later, when my husband got sick, we were able to do hospice at home because the house was accessible.”

          Bob Thacker and Karen Cherewatuk at the offices of Michael Graves Architecture & Design.
          Bob Thacker

          According to the AARP, Thacker notes, 87 percent of adults over the age of 65 want to stay in their current home and community as they age. But having an accessible home makes sense for everyone—whether you are a young parent pushing a stroller or you are receiving a visit from a grandparent who uses a walker. Meanwhile, “if you have a stroke, suddenly the place that is your sanctuary can become your enemy,” Thacker says. Retrofitting a home under pressure is far more costly than building it to be accessible in the first place.

          A sketch for the couple’s Forever House.
          Bob Thacker

          Here are the couple’s tips on how to build your own “forever house”—or how to renovate your current home so it can evolve with your needs.

          MAKE SURE THE DOORWAYS ARE WIDE ENOUGH

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          FLOORS SHOULD BE SMOOTH

          For anyone on wheels, whether in a stroller or wheelchair, steps or step-up stoops are a major impediment. “If you are building a house, build at grade level,” Thacker says, “or create a simple grade ramp to the front door and garage.” Floor surfaces should be smooth—try wood or tile with few changes in texture or interruptions. Carpeting is to be avoided. “I remember being in a store with Michael when he was in a wheelchair, and it was hard for him to navigate because the carpet was too thick,” Thacker adds.

          CREATE AT LEAST ONE ACCESSIBLE BATHROOM

          “It has to be wide enough to enter, with a roll-in or walk-in shower,” Cherewatuk says. The Forever House has ¾-inch-thick plywood behind the Sheetrock-and-tile walls. That way, grab bars can be attached anywhere in the space. “Otherwise, you need to place them on studs,” Thacker notes.

          A sliding door opens into an accessible bathroom.
          Red Bird Hills

          TILE SIZE MATTERS

          The large style of tiles that are popular now can be slippery and dangerous for those whose balance is off. “For safety, the smaller the size of the tile, the better,” Thacker notes. “They can be any material, but small tiles have more grout, and that helps feet grip the edges of tile, even in socks.” In their bathroom and entry, the couple also installed radiant heating under the tiles, which helps water (and melted snow in Minnesota) evaporate—another way to avoid slips.

          GO LOW (EXCEPT FOR OUTLETS)

          From the placement of windows and outlets to undercounter drawers in the kitchen, the Forever House was designed from a wheelchair’s vantage point. In the bathroom, the sinks were installed at a lower-than-usual height. (“We did that right away,” Cherewatuk says, “because retrofitting a bathroom is the most expensive thing you can do.”) In the kitchen, they keep their dishes, pots, and pans in the undercounter drawers, which are easier to pull out, rather than in cupboards. Their Fisher & Paykel dishwasher also has a two-drawer design, and their Sharp microwave pops out from under the counter.

          Fisher & Paykel’s two-drawer dishwasher.
          Fisher & Paykel

          Rather than a permanent massive island, they created a movable one. “It’s now at bar height, but it can go if it needs to, and a lower counter can come in,” Thacker says. And around the island, the Michael Graves team made sure that the open space included enough room for a wheelchair to turn around, designing around a 60-inch turning radius.

          In the living room, windows were placed 12 inches off the floor, so anyone in a wheelchair can look out. And the traditional 12-inches-off-the-floor wall outlets were raised to 22 inches, which is easier to reach from a wheelchair or walker.

          Windows are placed 12 inches above the floor to provide views for anyone in a wheelchair. Thacker designed a whimsical chandelier out of a bicycle wheel and whisks.
          Red Bird Hills

          OPEN CLOSETS ARE THE WAY TO GO

          Bedroom closets are huge challenges for anyone with a disability. In the couple’s bedroom, they opted for no doors. Instead, they installed an Elfa system from the Container Store on the back of their bedroom wall. “If anyone was in a wheelchair, all they need is a hook and they have full access to their wardrobe,” Cherewatuk says.

          Below, a drone video shows the home’s exterior, which sports a roof in the classic “Michael Graves blue” and has no steps or impediments for a wheelchair or walker.

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